More details about mitigations for the CPU Speculative Execution issue (Google Security Blog)
Friday January 5, 2018. 07:47 PM , from LWN.net
One of the main concerns about the mitigations for the Meltdown/Spectre speculative execution bugs has been performance. The Google Security Blog is reporting negligible performance impact on Google systems for two of the mitigations (kernel page-table isolation and Retpoline): 'In response to the vulnerabilities that were discovered we developed a novel mitigation called “Retpoline” -- a binary modification technique that protects against “branch target injection” attacks. We shared Retpoline with our industry partners and have deployed it on Google’s systems, where we have observed negligible impact on performance.
In addition, we have deployed Kernel Page Table Isolation (KPTI) -- a general purpose technique for better protecting sensitive information in memory from other software running on a machine -- to the entire fleet of Google Linux production servers that support all of our products, including Search, Gmail, YouTube, and Google Cloud Platform.
There has been speculation that the deployment of KPTI causes significant performance slowdowns. Performance can vary, as the impact of the KPTI mitigations depends on the rate of system calls made by an application. On most of our workloads, including our cloud infrastructure, we see negligible impact on performance.'
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